Under the auspices of the Dean of the faculty of Law, Prof. Dr. Saeed Ali Ghafel, the Public Law Branch in our college, and within its scientific activities, held the cultural symposium entitled (Protection of Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflicts: A Study of the Relative Weight of Protection Rules) on Monday, 3/20/2023, in which Prof. Dr. Ahmed lectured Abbas Nehme Al-Fatlawi, a teacher in the Public Law branch, where the symposium began with a speech in which he explained the importance of protecting cultural heritage in times of armed conflicts as one of the controversial legal issues, especially since the rules of protection were developed in order to protect the person himself from the evils of war. The matter is new, especially after the adoption of the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property and its annexed protocols. The lecture focused on clarifying the relative weight of protection rules and the weight of violations that must be addressed according to their legal value and their effects on the level of curbing threats to peace in any society whose culture is destroyed or plundered. The weight of the violations will be uneven, the greatest of which is when the targeting is directed against a cultural heritage that represents historical depth mixed with sanctity. The matter was dealt with by the International Criminal Court in 2017 in the case of Ahmed Al-Mahdi Al-Faqi and the accusations against him of destroying historical and worship places in Mali.